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Madurai


About Madurai

Madurai formerly Madura is Known as the Athens of the East Madurai, originally known as Madhurapuri got its name from the falling of divine nectar from Lord Shiva's rocks. Chennai may be the capital of Tamil Nadu, but Madurai claims its soul. Madurai is Tamil-born and Tamil-rooted, one of the oldest cities in India, a metropolis that traded with ancient Rome and was a great capital long before Chennai was even dreamt of.

Madurai, continuously inhabited city in the Indian peninsula, situated in southern Tamil Nadu, on the banks of Vaigai river, Madurai is a 2600 years old historical city is one of the most ancient heritage sites of India truly reflective of the cultural ethos of India. The city is widely known as the Temple City, and is often also referred to as City of four junctions (Koodal Maanagar), Cultural capital of Tamil Nadu (Kalaachaara thalainagar), City of Jasmine (Malligai Maanagar), Sleepless city (Thoonga Nagaram), Athens of the East and The City of Festivals (Thiruvizha nagaram).It is the third largest (was second largest from its origin till now) city in Tamil Nadu.

The Design

About MaduraiMadurai is a city which is designed as a petals of lotus. As the lotus flower is seen, all streets of Madurai were designed with Meenakshi Amman Temple as the center surrounded by expanding square roads. Each corner of all roads are inter-connected. This helps any visitor who visits Madurai to understand where they exactly are. In Madurai, you will never get lost. Due to the construction rules (you cannot build any buildings that hides the temple), from any corner of the city, you can see the Meenakshi Amman Temple. Just take a walk on the road which will always leads to one of 4 gates of the temple. From there it is easy to go to your place.
 
About MaduraiThis lotus shaped city is around the Meenakshi Temple Madurai is not only a great centre of learning and culture but also a holy city blessed with the divine grace of Mother Meenakshi. Madurai The city of Madurai has been a seat of Tamil culture and traditions since very ancient times. Great scholars like, Nakkeerar, Appar and Sambandar have celebrated its glorious culture in their songs. The temple complex is like a huge city—one of the largest of its kind in India and undoubtedly one of the oldest.
The crowning glory of this historic city is the sprawling Meenakshi Sundareswarar temple. Four of the 6 major streams of the indigenous system of beliefs as codified by Sankaracharya (i.e. Saivism, Shaktism, Vaishnavism and the worship of Skanda) meet in this historic city during festive occasions when the entire region is transformed into a vast space of celebration.

About MaduraiModern Madurai is a burgeoning industrial center, even through the vast stretches of lush paddy fields, dusty roads and crowded bazaars make it seem almost like an overgrown village. Although Madurai is one of the most second largest district of tamilnadu, it is still a rural land; agriculture is the mainstay of life for about three-quarters of the rural population. Madurai is rich in handicrafts; notable among them are handloomed silk, metal icons, leather work, kalamkari (hand-painted fabric, using natural dyes), brass, bronze, and copper wares, and carved wood, palm leaf, and cane articles. Madurai is famous for Jasmine flower, and exported from here to all over world.

Madurai is a land-locked city and is located in the vicinity of a number of famous cities and towns. Some of the famous nearby towns are Anaiyur, Aruppukottai, Avaniyapuram, Bodinayakanur, Chinnamanur, Cumbum, Devakottai, Dindigul, Karaikudi, Kodaikanal, Melur, Paramakudi, Periyakulam, Palani, Rajapalayam, Rameswaram, Sattur, Sivakasi, Srivilliputhur, Sivagangai, Thirumangalam, Thirupparankundran, Usilampatti and Virudhunagar.

Geography:

The geography of Madurai comprises of its location, altitude and area. This religious city falls within its namesake district, Madurai, and also acts as the district headquarters. The city of Madurai is situated on the banks of the river Vaigai. It is located between 9.93º North Longitude and 78.12º East Latitude. The city lies at an altitude of 330 feet or 101 meters above sea level. This religious town of Tamil Nadu stretches over an area of 22.6 square kilometers.

The People:

About MaduraiTamil, the official state language, is spoken by most of the people. The main religions in the state are Hinduism, Christianity, Islam. A profound influence of the culture heritage of Madurai is seen over its people too. Though the people of the city are slowly adopting the modern lifestyle, their value system remains intact. The social fabric of the place is well woven and its people live in harmony with each other.
 

Culture:
Owing to its glorious past, the richness of its culture is visible in everything. Madurai is an example of cultural diversity. This includes its architectural majesty, customs and traditions, religious sanctity, magnificent art work, handicrafts, ballads, folk dances, dramas, songs, festivals and ceremonies. Bharata-natya, one of India's major classical dance forms, and Carnatic music are both widely practiced. Painting and sculpture, however, are less developed, although there are schools that teach the art of sculpture in stone and bronze. Tamil literature rapidly adapted to the Western literary forms of the novel and the short story. Since the 1940s, cinema, has become the most popular form of mass entertainment. Madurai is an example of cultural diversity. The city has very well blended ancient cultural heritage, with the fast paced technological advancement. Madurai is expanding rapidly and is one the major commercial centers of South India. The growing number of educational institutions and industries in Madurai are live examples of its progress.

About MaduraiThere are both touring and permanent cinema theatres; and sentimental and spectacular films, often featuring light music and dancing. The Jallikattu game (veera vilayatu) of Madurai (Alanganallur) is famous here in madurai. Tourists from all over the world visits this festival every year. The karakam dance of Tamil Nadu state, mainly performed on the annual festival in front of the image of Mariyammai (goddess of pestilence), is to deter her from unleashing an epidemic.

 

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